Middlesbrough, UK (2010) – The large-scale sculptural installation TEMENOS, by the artist Anish Kapoor and structural engineer Cecil Balmon in Middlesbrough, UK, is part of a broader initiative to regenerate the whole of the Tees Valley in northeast England. Temenos, which was installed in June 2010, is just the first in a series of five large-scale installations, dubbed the Tees Valley Giants, across the region.  The five Giants will cost a total of £15 million, and claim to be the biggest public art project in the world.

The 48-meter-high sculpture fits in amongst the background of large ships and cranes in this industrial area of Middlesbrough. The artist wanted the Temenos,  which is a Greek word meaning “place apart” or “sacred ground,” to be in dialogue with the other large structures around it, but he also wanted the piece to have an ephemeral quality. To evoke this quality, Kapoor and Balmond floated two large rings above the harbor with steel beams and connected the two floating rings with a woven wire tunnel that feels light as air.

Anish Kapoor is an internationally renowned artist who has represented Britain at the Venice Biennale and who was awarded the Turner Prize in 1991. Cecil Balmond is a civil engineer with Arup who has collaborated with a number of leading artists and architects including Rem Koolhaas and Toyo Ito.